anytime and anywhere.
disaster strikes, you
may not have much time
A highway spill of hazardous
mean instant evacuation.
A winter storm could
confine your family at
home. An earthquake,
flood, tornado or any
other disaster could cut
off basic services—gas,
water, electricity and
After a disaster, local officials and relief workers will be on the scene, but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in hours, or it may take days. Would your family be prepared to cope with the emergency until help arrives?
Your family will cope best by preparing for disaster before it strikes.
One way to prepare is by assembling a Disaster Supplies Kit. Once
disaster hits, you won’t have time to shop or search for supplies.
But if you’ve gathered supplies in advance, your family can endure
an evacuation or home confinement.
To prepare your kit:
- Review the checklist in this brochure.
- Gather the supplies that are listed. You may need them if your
family is confined at home.
- Place the supplies you’d most likely need for an evacuation in
an easy-to-carry container. These supplies are listed with an
There are six basics
you should stock in
your home: water,
food, first aid supplies,
clothing and bedding,
tools and emergency supplies
and special items.
Keep the items that you
would most likely need
during an evacuation in an
suggested items are
marked with an asterisk (*).
Possible containers include
a large, covered
or a duffle bag.
Store water in plastic containers such as soft drink bottles. Avoid using
containers that will decompose or break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles.
A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts of water each day.
Hot environments and intense physical activity can double that amount.
Children, nursing mothers and ill people will need more.
- Store one gallon of water per person
per day (two quarts for drinking, two
quarts for food preparation/sanitation)*
- Keep at least a three-day supply of water for each person in your
Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food. Select foods that
require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking and little or no water. If you
must heat food, pack a can of sterno. Select food items that are compact and
*Include a selection of the following foods in your Disaster Supplies Kit:
- Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits
- Canned juices, milk, soup
(if powdered, store extra water)
- Staples — sugar, salt, pepper
- High energy foods — peanut butter,
jelly, crackers, granola bars, trail mix
- Foods for infants, elderly persons
or persons on special diets
- Comfort/stress foods — cookies,
hard candy, sweetened cereals
lollipops, instant coffee, tea bags
First Aid Kit
Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car. A first aid kit*
- Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted
- 2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
- 4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
- Hypoallergenic adhesive tape
- Triangular bandages (3)
- 2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
- 3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
- Moistened towelettes
- Tongue blades (2)
- Tube of petroleum jelly or other
- Assorted sizes of safety pins
- Cleansing agent/soap
- Latex gloves (2 pair)
- Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever
- Anti-diarrhea medication
- Antacid (for stomach upset)
- Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce
vomiting if advised by the Poison
- Activated charcoal (use if advised
by the Poison Control Center)
SUGGESTIONS AND REMINDERS
Store your kit in a
known to all family
members. Keep a
smaller version of the
Disaster Supplies Kit
in the trunk of your car.
- Keep items in air tight
- Change your stored
water supply every
six months so it
- Rotate your stored food
every six months.
- Re-think your kit and
family needs at least
once a year.
- Ask your physician or
Tools and Supplies
- Mess kits, or paper cups, plates and
- Emergency preparedness manual*
- Battery operated radio and extra
- Flashlight and extra batteries*
- Cash or traveler’s checks, change*
- Non-electric can opener, utility knife*
- Fire extinguisher: small canister,
- Tube tent
- Matches in a waterproof container
- Aluminum foil
- Plastic storage containers
- Signal flare
- Paper, pencil
- Needles, thread
- Medicine dropper
- Shut-off wrench, to turn off
household gas and water
- Plastic sheeting
- Map of the area (for locating
- Toilet paper, towelettes*
- Soap, liquid detergent*
- Feminine supplies*
- Personal hygiene items*
- Plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation areas)
- Plastic bucket with tight lid
- Household chlorine bleach
Clothing and Bedding
*Include at least one complete change of clothing and footwear per person.
- Sturdy shoes or work boots*
- Rain gear*
- Blankets or sleeping bags*
- Hat and gloves
- Thermal underwear
family members with special needs, such as infants and elderly or
- Powdered milk
- Heart and high blood pressure
- Prescription drugs
- Denture needs
- Contact lenses and supplies
- Extra eye glasses
Entertainment - games and books
Important Family Documents
Keep these records in a waterproof,
- Will, insurance policies, contracts,
deeds, stocks and bonds
- Passports, social security cards,
- Bank account numbers
- Credit card account numbers and
- Inventory of valuable household
goods, important telephone numbers
- Family records (birth, marriage,
CREATE A FAMILY DISASTER PLAN
To get started...
Contact your local
emergency management or
civil defense office and your
local American Red Cross
• Find out which disasters are most
likely to happen in your community.
• Ask how you would be warned
• Find out how to prepare for each.
Meet with your family.
• Discuss the types of disasters that
• Explain how to prepare and
• Discuss what to do if advised to
• Practice what you have discussed
Plan how your family will
stay in contact if separated
• Pick two meeting places:
1) a location a safe distance from
your home in case of fire.
2) a place outside your neighborhood
in case you can’t return home.
• Choose an out-of-state friend as a
“check-in-contact” for everyone to
Complete these steps.
• Post emergency telephone numbers
by every phone.
• Show responsible family members
how and when to shut off water, gas
and electricity at main switches.
Install a smoke detector on each level
of your home, especially near
bedrooms; test monthly and change
the batteries two times each year.
• Contact your local fire department to
learn about home fire hazards.
• Learn first aid and CPR. Contact
your local American Red Cross
chapter for information and training
Meet with your neighbors.
Plan how the neighborhood could work
together after a disaster. Know your
neighbor’s skills (medical, technical).
Consider how you could help neighbors
who have special needs, such as elderly
or disabled persons. Make plans for child
care in case parents can’t get home.
Remember to practice and maintain your plan.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Community and Family Preparedness Program and the American
Red Cross Community Disaster Education Program are nationwide efforts to help people prepare for disasters of all
types. For more information, please contact your local emergency management office and American Red Cross
chapter. This brochure and other preparedness materials are available by calling FEMA at 1-800-480-2520, or writing:
FEMA, P.O. Box 2012, Jessup, MD 20794-2012. Publications are also available on the World Wide Web at:
FEMA’s Web site: http://www.fema.gov American Red Cross Web site: http://www.redcross.org
Contact T-CEP: 310-455-3000 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
P.O. Box 1708 Topanga, CA 90290