Infants and Toddlers
For infants and toddlers, special emphasis should
be placed on making their environment as safe as
- Cribs should be placed away from windows and
tall, unsecured bookcases and shelves that
could slide or topple.
- A minimum of a 72-hour supply of extra water,
formula, bottles, food, juices, clothing,
disposable diapers, baby wipes and prescribed
medications should be stored where it is most
likely to be accessible after an earthquake.
Also keep an extra diaper bag with these items
in your car.
- Store strollers, wagons, blankets and cribs with
appropriate wheels to evacuate infants, if
- Install bumper pads in cribs or bassinettes to
protect babies during the shaking.
- Install latches on all cupboards (not just those
young children can reach) so that nothing can
fall on your baby during a quake.
Preschool and School-age
By age three or so, children can understand what
an earthquake is and how to get ready for one.
Take the time to explain what causes earthquakes
in terms they’ll understand. Include your children
in family discussions and planning for earthquake
safety. Conduct drills and review safety
procedures every six months.
- Show children the safest places to be in each
room when an earthquake hits. Also show
them all possible exits from each room.
- Use sturdy tables to teach children to Duck,
Cover & Hold.
- Teach children what to do wherever they are
during an earthquake (at school, in a tall
- Make sure children’s emergency cards at school
- Although children should not turn off any
utility valves, it’s important that they know
what gas smells like. Advise children to tell an
adult if they smell gas after an earthquake.